Histology Guide

virtual microscopy laboratory

Chapter 5 - Cartilage and Bone

This quiz only covers material that would be expected to be discussed in a histology laboratory.


  • Learn how to identify the three types of cartilage
  • Describe the cells and extracellular matrix in different types of cartilage
  • Understand how the structure of cartilage correlates with its functions
  • Learn how to identify different types of bone
  • Understand how the structure of bone correlates with its functions
  • Understand the two types of bone formation and remodeling of bone

Microscope Slides


What are the three types of cartilage? [+]

  • Hyaline cartilage
  • Elastic cartilage
  • Fibrocartilage

What is predominant connective tissue fiber(s) found in each type of cartilage? [+]

  • Hyaline cartilage - collagen type II
  • Elastic cartilage - collagen type II and elastic fibers
  • Fibrocartilage - collagen type I and II


What are the two types of bones based on morphology? [+]

  • Spongy bone (also known as cancellous or trabecular bone)
  • Compact bone

Bone Development

What are the two types of bone formation? [+]

  • Intramembranous bone formation - forms within organizing centers in mesenchyme
  • Endochondral bone formation - forms from a cartilaginous model on which bone will grow